On 23 August 2023, India scripted history as Chandrayaan-3 successfully landed on the Moon’s South Pole. India became the first and only country to reach this remote lunar region, a milestone that has elevated India to the ranks of the United States (US), Russia and China—the only three other nations that have reached the moon. But these were not the only records Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) made that day; it also garnered over 8 million concurrent views of the live moon landing on YouTube, highest ever in the history of the platform. This book offers an overview of the Chandrayaan-3 mission and covers the evolution of India’s Moon programme. It traces India’s journey to the Moon, starting from its inception during the early 2000s.